Center for World Missions

Dr. Cox PresentationsMissions Seminar

For Elders and Missions Committees
Monte Cox Ph.D.

Lesson 9: RELIEF AND DEVELOPMENT

A. THE STATE OF THE WORLD

1. World population = 5.75 billion (1995)

a. Africa = 10% (575 million)

b. Asia = 61% (3.5 billion)

c. Europe = 9% (518 million)

d. Mid. East = 6% (345 million)

e. N. America = 5% (287 million)

f. L. America = 8% (400 million)

2. Income: Half world's population lives on less than $300 per year.

3. Oppression: In many countries, 3% of pop. controls 80% of the land.

4. Consumption worldwide: Twenty percent of the world=s population consumes 80% of the world=s natural resources.

5. Water supply: Eighty percent of the world's disease comes from contaminated water. Thirty percent earth's rural peoples do not have access to clean water.

6. Child mortality: Each year 13 million children under the age of 5 die, 5 million from dehydration caused by diarrhea, and the rest from preventable infectious diseases and respiratory illnesses. In Afghanistan, 40% of the children die before their 5th birthday.

7. Street children: Approximately 145-200 million worldwide live on the streets; 4.5 million in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo alone.

8. Malnutrition: The World Health Organization recommends a minimum of 2400 calories per day proper nourishment. In India 10% of the population receive no more than 1500 calories per day; another 20% get only 1300 calories per day.

9. Doctors per capita

a. America = 1:410.

b. Kenya = 1:7400

c. Ghana = 1:22,000

d. Ethiopia = 1:36,000

e. Mozambique = 1:143,000

10. Faith in the world:

a. Muslims = 20%

b. Eastern = 30%

c. Tribal = 15%

d. atheists = 10%

e. Christian = 25%

11. Missionaries/full-time church workers: about 600:1.7 million (1:3000)

B. HOW DO WE RESPOND? COMPARING PRINCIPLES

DEVELOPMENT RELIEF
GOAL
Facilitate change Deliver services
Attacks root causes Treats Symptoms
Prevention Cure
Long term objectives Short term objectives
Inspire cooperation Finish project
Independence Meet immediate need
Build capacity Stop-gap solutions
Transformation Temporary relief
World view change Behavioral change
Holistic and integrated Reductionistic and compartmentalized
PRIMARY PARTNERS
Community focus Individual focus
Church as "healing community" Individual recipients
ORGANIZATION
Decentralized Centralized
Uses existing structures Uses donor's structures
Much local ownership Little local ownership
Participatory Hierarchical
Uses local resources Uses foreign resources
Indigenous leadership style Expatriate leadership style
Volunteers/Non-professionals Salaried staff
Generalists Specialists
SCALE
Small Big
Grass roots Institutional
Personal Impersonal
Low appropriate tech High Tech
INTERACTION OF LEADERS/CHANGE AGENTS AND PRIMARY PARTNERS
Fraternalistic Paternalistic
Incarnational Extractionistic
Reciprocal relationship Donor-recipient relationship
Begin with locals' perceived needs Begin with expats' perceived needs
Participatory appraisal/evaluation Top-down appraisal and evaluation
On-the-job training Centralized training
Moves at local pace Moves at expat's pace
Emphasizes flexible process Follows standard blue-print
PERPETUATION
Sustainable (reproducible) Non-sustainable
Empowerment Continued dependency
"Help others help themselves" "Help others"
Nonformal "problem-posing" education Formal Western education
Uses contextualized media Uses alien media
Emphasizes stewardship Ongoing donor mentality

C. FOUR DIMENSIONS OF CHRISTIAN DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY

HEIGHT

*motivated by God's mission to reconcile all things to Himself

*facilitated through the church as the "healing community"

*integrated vertically with all other types of ministry

*infused with wisdom and power from above

DEPTH

*goal is transformation on deepest level of being

*aims at worldview change as key to transformation

*attacks root causes, especially sin, not just symptoms

BREADTH

*broad holistic agenda

*focuses on a few but with intent to impact everyone

*decentralized organization spreads ownership

*participatory leadership empowers more people

LENGTH

*begins with the end in mind

*long-term objectives include establishing a church that will serve as agent of reconciliation until the Lord comes

*inclined against short-sighted use of outside funds

*concern for appropriate scale with

sustainability in mind

*sustainability balanced by sense of global responsibility and stewardship

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