Center for World Missions

Christian Relief and Development: Comparing Principles

Monte Cox, Ph.D.

 

DEVELOPMENT
RELIEF
GOAL
Facilitate change
Deliver services
Attacks root causes
Treats Symptoms
Prevention
Cure
Long term objectives
Short term objectives
Inspire cooperation
Finish project
Independence
Meet immediate need
Build capacity
Stop-gap solutions
Transformation
Temporary relief
World view change
Behavioral change
Holistic and integrated
Reductionistic and compartmentalized


PRIMARY PARTNERS
Community focus
Individual focus
Church as "healing community"
Individual recipients


ORGANIZATION
Decentralized
Centralized
Uses existing structures
Uses donor's structures
Much local ownership
Little local ownership
Participatory
Hierarchical
Uses local resources
Uses foreign resources
Indigenous leadership style
Expatriate leadership style
Volunteers/Non-professionals
Salaried staff
Generalists
Specialists


SCALE
Small
Big
Grass roots
Institutional
Personal
Impersonal
Low appropriate tech
High Tech


INTERACTION OF LEADERS/CHANGE AGENTS AND PRIMARY PARTNERS

Fraternalistic
Paternalistic
Incarnational
Extractionistic
Reciprocal relationship
Donor-recipient relationship
Begin with locals' perceived needs
Begin with expats' perceived needs
Participatory appraisal/evaluation
Top-down appraisal and evaluation
On-the-job training
Centralized training
Moves at local pace
Moves at expat's pace
Emphasizes flexible process
Follows standard blue-print


PERPETUATION
Sustainable (reproducible)
Non-sustainable
Empowerment
Continued dependency
"Help others help themselves"
"Help others"
Nonformal "problem-posing" education
Formal Western education
Uses contextualized media
Uses alien media
Emphasizes stewardship
Ongoing donor mentality




Four Dimensions of Christian Development Ministry

HEIGHT
*motivated by God's mission to reconcile all things to Himself
*facilitated through the church as the "healing community"
*integrated vertically with all other types of ministry
*infused with wisdom and power from above

DEPTH
*goal is transformation on deepest level of being
*aims at worldview change as key to transformation
*attacks root causes, especially sin, not just symptoms

BREADTH
*broad holistic agenda
*focuses on a few but with intent to impact everyone
*decentralized organization spreads ownership
*participatory leadership empowers more people


LENGTH
*begins with the end in mind
*long-term objectives include establishing a church that will serve as agent of reconciliation until the Lord comes
*inclined against short-sighted use of outside funds
*concern for appropriate scale with
sustainability in mind
*sustainability balanced by sense of global responsibility and stewardship